In March 2008, the Washington Board of D.C. voted unanimously in favour of passing a law guaranteeing paid sick leave workers. The law does not apply to employees or employees of restaurants inclined during the first year of employment.  Law D.C was also the first in the United States to include „safe“ paid days for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault or harassment. Under federal labour law (Fair Work), entitled workers are entitled to 10 days of paid personal leave (sick leave/care) per year, which is also carried over to subsequent years if they are not used. Sweden has paid for sick leave.  Before 2019, the first day of illness (sjukdag in Swedish) was not paid, whereas since 2019, a deduction (sjukdagsavdrag) of 20% of the average weekly wage of a worker intended to make the scheme fairer for unpaid workers has been deducted.  After that date, at least 80% of income is paid for 364 days and 75% for up to 550 additional days. Collective labour agreements may impose higher pay. A doctor must certify the disease no later than one week after the first day of illness. The parent of a sick child (under the age of 12) may receive paid leave to care for the child (called „temporary parental leave“). In this case, the first day is also paid.
The state pays all these benefits, with the exception of the first two weeks of sick leave for workers paid by the employer. In Slovakia, the mandatory minimum sickness allowance is 25% in the EU, while in Belgium and Finland the maximum amount is 100%. Directive 92/85 gives women the right to at least 14 weeks of maternity leave, including at least two compulsory sick leave at the national level. The 2019/1158 directive grants paternity leave to men: fathers or second parents have the right to at least ten days of paternity leave at the national level. Women have more absenteeism than men, the elderly more than younger ones. On July 7, 2011, Connecticut Governor Dannel P. Malloy signed Public Law No. 11-52, which made Connecticut the first state to prescribe paid sick leave. The legislation, which narrowly passed through the Senate (18-17) and the Connecticut House of Representatives (76-65), came into force on January 1, 2012 and requires employers to allow their „service employees“ to earn one hour of absenteeism for every 40 hours worked, capped at a maximum of 40 hours per year. The law applies to „service workers“ of employers with 50 or more employees in Connecticut every quarter of the previous year.  Replacement rates for sickness benefits range from 50% to 100% of gross or net salary. The average flat-rate health care benefit is around 20% in Malta and the UK, which was a member of the EU until 2021.
. Since 2006 and 2018, ten states, Washington D.C. and a growing number of other cities have introduced some kind of paid sick leave. In 2009, the European Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that workers in long-term sickness will not lose their right to leave if they have not been able to go on holiday because of their sick leave: a worker cannot be denied the right to paid leave if he has not had the opportunity. .