To address the overwhelming number of undocumented migrants in the United States, the Immigration and Naturalization Service launched Operation Wetback in June 1954 to return illegal workers to Mexico. Illegal workers who arrived in the United States at the beginning of the program were not the only ones affected by this operation, but also there were massive groups of workers who felt the need to extend their stay in the United States long after their employment contracts were terminated.  The Department of Labor continued to try to adopt more worker-friendly rules, but the only thing that was enshrined in law was that which guaranteed American workers the same benefits as the Braceros, signed in 1961 by President Kennedy as an extension of public law.78 After the signing, Kennedy said, „I am conscious… the serious consequences in Mexico, when thousands of workers employed in that country were summarily deprived of the desperately needed job. Employment then collapsed in Bracéron; From 437,000 workers in 1959 to 186,000 in 1963.  The number of strikes in the Pacific Northwest is much longer than this list. Two strikes in particular were to be highlighted because of their character and scale: the 1943 Japanese-Mexican strike in Dayton, Washington, and the strike of 1000 plus Braceros in June 1946, which refused to harvest salad and peas in Idaho. Complaints filed in the late 1990s and early 2000s (decade) in federal courts in California highlighted below-average conditions and documented the final fate of savings account withdrawals, but the complaint was dismissed because the Mexican banks involved never operated in the United States. Today, it is stipulated that ex-Braceros can receive up to $3,500.00 in compensation for the 10% only by providing cheques or contracts proving that they were part of the program in the years 1942 to 1948. It is estimated that with the accrued interest, $500 million is owed to ex-Braceros, who continue to struggle for the money they are owed.  A 2018 study published in the American Economic Review showed that the Bracero program did not have a negative impact on the labour market performance of U.S.-born agricultural workers.  The end of the Bracero program did not increase wages and employment for U.S.-born agricultural workers.
 In addition, in 1951, the Truman Migratory Commission revealed that the presence of Mexican workers was depressing the incomes of American peasants, although the US State Department insisted on a new Bracero program to counter the popularity of communism in Mexico. In addition, it was seen as a way for Mexico to participate in allied forces. The first Braceros were authorized on September 27, 1942 for the sugar beet season. From 1948 to 1964, the United States allowed an average of 200,000 Braceros per year.  The agreement was renewed with the 1951 Migrant Labour Agreement, which came into force as an amendment to the Public Law 1949 by Congress, which established the official parameters of the bracero program until its end in 1964.  The Bracero program was implemented as a joint program under the State Department, the Department of The Laboratory and the Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) at the Department of Justice.